WOODEN FRAME HOUSES – WHAT KIND OF HOUSES ARE THEM?
Thanks to the modern technologies, the construction of wooden panel frame houses has developed rapidly, most of the projects implemented by the company “North House”relate to the prefabricated wooden frame panel houses. New technologies greatly accelerate the construction process and also save costs.
Wooden frame houses are made of natural materials and are one of the cheapest building solutions. The constructions of the building are panels for walls, ceilings and roofs, which are filled with heat insulation material and are sheathed from both sides. This technology is ideal for the construction of low-rise residential buildings.
Wooden frame houses are very popular in the Scandinavian countries, as well as becoming more and more demanded in Latvia. More and more families thinking about their own housing choose to live in an ecological wooden frame house with low heating costs.
Construction of wooden frame houses
A fully constructed timber frame house visually (both from the outside and inside) is not very different from other types of buildings, as almost all wooden elements are hidden under the decoration. Wooden frame houses are demanded because they are energy efficient – with low heating costs, they also have relatively low construction costs because the building structures are
prefabricated, which saves both money and time considerably.
Wooden frame houses are built from renewable resources, their construction generates relatively less pollution to the environment.
Warm wooden frame house
Many owners want to find out what the heating costs will be before starting to build a house. When choosing a wooden frame house, you can be sure –you will not need to spend much money on heating. It is supported by construction technologies, used building materials, their proper application and the air tightness of the building. Technologically correctly designed and assembled panels of wooden frame houses have low thermal conductivity, which is provided by wood in combination with construction wool, properly fitted diffusion and vapour barriers, as well as special tapes by which the joints are glued. In order to ensure the air tightness of the building, special sealing tapes are used in the assembly process between the panels, with the help of this technology completely sealing all the corners and joints.The heating costs of a 150 m2 wooden frame house are equivalent to the heating costs of a three-room apartment. The thickness of the thermal insulation layer of a wooden frame house is chosen on the basis of the functionality of the house. The thermal insulation layer for dwelling houses is thicker in comparison with the layer for summer houses. It is equally important to use high quality windows and to provide their appropriate location in the building. Technologically well-constructed wooden frame houses have high heat resistance and low heating costs.
Safe wooden frame house
For each project of the house, the architect individually develops optimal construction solutions – appropriate for the home area, the number of floors, the roof configuration. The safety and stability of a wooden frame house depends both on carefully considered solutions and on the technologically proper construction.
First of all, a wooden frame of the appropriate size is manufactured at the factory, in which additional fasteners and special mounting joints are built in. The frame is boarded on both sides with chipboard, providing vertical, horizontal and diagonal resistance. The wall is tightened, and it becomes a monolithic and safe construction. The use of such monolithic structures ensures durability and stability of the wooden frame house.
Ecological wooden frame house
Since ancient times, ecological timber houses are being constructed using natural materials. Today, the tradition of building such houses is continuing, but using higher quality materials, newer technologies and technical capabilities. If a wooden frame house is originally constructed from dry timber and the entry of moisture into structures is prevented, a good climate and air quality in the building will be provided. If indoor humidity increases, the wood absorbs it. In turn, if indoor air becomes too dry, moisture is returned. In this way, the house is constantly provided with excellent microclimate. In order to preserve ecology, it is not advisable to build in films in the structures of a wooden frame dwelling house. If they are still used, then you need to select the appropriate film and the joints must be connected with a special tape. Already entering a frame house, you can feel the ecologicality of a frame house. It is pleasant and comfortable to stay inside its premises.
Construction of the house is possible at any time of the year.
Thanks to the dry construction law, timber frame houses can be built at any time of the year and in weather conditions, even in winter. In this aspect, timber frame houses differ, for example, from block and concrete houses. When building a timber frame house, you do not have to wait until the timber is dry. If panels are made at the factory and assembledon the site, such a house can be built without a roof within a few weeks. It does depend on the project.It is advisable to build the foundations of the house before frost because frost may have a negative effect on its quality. Outer finish works, as well as roofing, construction of interior communications and interior finish works can be performed at any time of the year in the timber frame house.
Energy efficient timber frame house
When looking for ways to build a potentially energy efficient house with lower heating costs, people often choose to build a timber frame house as it meets all the requirements of an energy efficient building. In the construction of a timber frame house, special technologies are used to provide that the building uses as little heat as possible, as well as to provide that during the process of production and construction of timber frame houses, the environment is comparatively less polluted environment.For timber frame houses, energy efficiency is achieved by using highquality building and insulation materials, the latest technology, developing well-designed building projects, as well as performing high-quality construction of the house and preventing possible loss of heat.
Economical timber frame house
Timber frame houses are much more economical compared with, for example, block and brick houses. Construction costs (fully finished and fully established communications) are about 10-15% lower than for block houses and 30-34% lower than for brick houses.Timber frame houses are also economical in terms of operation. For example, for a brick house, in order to achieve energy efficiency indicators such as for a timber frame house, the outer wall of a brick house must be at least one meter thick.
Finish works of timber frame houses
A variety of materials can be used for performance of finish works for timber frame houses. Traditionally, decoration boards or ornamental plaster, decorative brick tiles, finished cement slabs, saidings, cladding panels, etc. The interior decoration can be made according to taste and desire – walls can be painted or glued with wallpaper, in technical rooms, as well as in the rooms where humidity is high, tiles can be laid.Tiles, floor boards, parquet, laminate, linoleum, etc. can be used for floor decoration in living rooms. Before finishing the interior, it is advisable to consult a qualified designer and work out a design project together: to create a design for each room – according to the lifestyle of the host, and to develop the design for a common living room, bathroom, and toilet.For timber frame houses, there is also a wide range of roofing options.It is possible to choose metal roofs, bitumen tile roof, concrete or clay tile roof, etc.
Fireproof timber frame house
When designing wooden frame houses, all fire safety regulations are observed. The house is properly located.The timbermaterials are treated with special devices providing fire protection. The wood used in the construction of a timber frame house is calibrated – the smooth surface prevents fire exposure, and all the wooden constructions are embedded under suitable materials to provide that the timber material does not come into direct contact with the fire. All timber constructions in the production process are carefully treated both against fire and possible moisture access,and mould, thus providing the house with fire safety and longevity.
Durability of timber frame houses
The durability of a timber frame house depends to a large extent on the place of the construction of the chosen house, the condition of the ground, the construction of proper foundations, properly selected and applied construction technologies, and qualitatively created exterior finishes to protect the house from the influence of climatic conditions – wind, snow, etc. Thanks to modern technologies, timber frame houses are strong, safe and durable.
Advantages of a timber frame house
The main advantage of a timber frame building isits high heat resistance, which allows the owners to save significant heating costs. These houses are practical, ecological and environmentally friendly.They can be constructed in a short period of time, and construction can be done at any time of the year – even in winter. The construction speed is provided by the dry construction law, since it is not necessary to wait for the material to dry out. A fully constructed timber frame house is much lighter in weight than a concrete house, so there is no need to build a solid, complicated and expensive foundation. A timber frame house is a natural and breathable place of residence for your family.